The Supreme Council for Scotland of the 33rd and Last Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite was established in the year 1846, by Dr. Charles Morison of Greenfield, Physician to H.M. Forces, who held his Patent from the Supreme Council of France, dated 15th November, 1814.
The Formation of the Rite
The Constitution of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, was ratified on 1st May 1786 when Frederick, King of Prussia was proclaimed its Chief.
At this time the 32nd was the highest degree; and the higher Councils and Chapters could not be opened without the King's Presence, or of a substitute appointed by him. With the view of continuing the Supreme Power on his death bed (no provision having been made to appoint a successor) the King established the 33rd Degree, for which the Supreme Council is formed, possessing all the Masonic rights and privileges exercised by the King.
On 1st May 1786, the Grand Masonic Constitutions were finally settled at a Grand Council held in Berlin, Prussia and proclaimed for government over the Rite across the entire Globe.
The A&ASR in Scotland
The Early Degrees
The complete A&ASR system consists of thirty three degrees
the 1˚ to 3˚ are not worked under the Rite, as those carried out under the Grand Lodge of Scotland are held as sufficient qualification; nor are those from the 4˚ to the 17˚, inclusive, worked in full in Scotland.
The 18th Degree
When a candidate presents himself to be received into the 18˚ Degree or Prince of the Rose Croix certain
portions of the 4˚ to 17˚ degrees are communicated to him, before the 18˚ degree is worked in full.
- Admission to the A&ASR is by invitation only and brethren so invited must have been a Master Mason for at least three years.
The 30th Degree
The next degree conferred in Scotland is the 30˚ Degree, the Degrees from 19˚ to 29˚, inclusive, being given similarly to those from 4˚ to 17˚. This Degree is called Grand Elect Knight K.H., and is only conferred under the immediate superintendence of the Supreme Council.
No Prince Rose Croix is eligible to receive the 30˚ Degree unless he has been five years, a member of the 18˚.
The 33˚ and last Degree is conferred very sparingly by the Supreme Council, and only on Brethren of high social and Masonic Position, the number being strictly limited to nine members of the Supreme Council, besides Inspector Generals of Provinces at home and abroad.
Only one Supreme Council can exist in any one nation at the same time, unless under special circumstances as in the United States of America.
A more detailed overview of all of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite degrees can be found here